Beyond Barley, Rye, and Wheat
Wheat, barley, and rye are the grains to avoid if you're following a gluten-free diet. But what about all the derivatives of wheat? These include wheatberries, durum, emmer, semolina, spelt, farina, farro, graham, Kamut, and einkorn wheat—and yes, they do contain gluten. Also watch for triticale, brewer's yeast, and wheat starch that has not been processed to remove gluten.
Malt is a cereal grain generally made from barley, which is not gluten-free. Look for these various forms of malt on the label: malted barley flour, malted milk or milkshakes, malt extract, malt syrup, malt flavoring, and malt vinegar.
In their purest form, oats are naturally gluten-free. However, many oats are processed in factories where cross-contamination is a concern. And in some cases, cross-contact can occur in fields where oats are grown near wheat. That's why it's important to look for oats that are specifically labeled gluten-free. Find them in the gluten-free aisle of the HealthMarket department.
Eggs are gluten-free, but some restaurants use pancake batter (which is not gluten-free) to fluff up scrambled eggs and omelets. There's also a risk of cross contamination when eggs are cooked on the same grill as pancakes and other gluten-containing foods.
Most of the time, potato chips are gluten-free. But some potato chip seasonings contain wheat starch or malt vinegar. If you're jonesing for a salty, crunchy snack, the Hy-Vee HealthMarket section has a wide selection of new and favorite gluten-free items, including apple straws, pretzels, beet chips, bean chips, tortilla chips, and more.
Soy sauce is made with fermented wheat, and therefore contains gluten. Other condiments like salad dressings, marinades, sauces, and gravies may include soy sauce or thickeners that contain gluten.
Breadcrumbs are often used as binders or fillers in sausages, meatballs, burger patties, and meatloaf. Also remember that imitation crab and hydrolyzed vegetable protein may contain gluten.
Veggie Burgers & Meat Alternatives
In addition to wheat fillers, veggie burgers and sausages may contain seitan, known as wheat gluten, so be sure to read the label.
Noodles and barley in soup are among the more obvious sources of gluten, but keep in mind that some cream soups use thickeners that contain gluten. Also remember that stocks and bouillon bases may contain gluten.
French fries are made from potatoes, which are gluten-free, but some restaurants or manufacturers may use a gluten-containing coating to keep fries from sticking together.
Although there are a number of gluten-free brands now, licorice is generally made with wheat flour, so be sure to read the ingredients.